Último Reducto has been sporadically publishing texts with this name since 1996. In all these years an evolution of his ideas has taken place, an ideological refinement of his stances being carried out in the process.
The initial ideas of Último Reducto (like, for example, in the publication Último Reducto n°0, 1996), despite already targeting some of its current fundamental values, were highly contaminated by left-leaning ideological influences; especially by certain versions of anarchism and by the so-called “animal liberation” movement. After questioning the validity of animal liberationist stances (based, generally, on the sacredness of individual life and/or on the absolute rejection of pain), discovering its deep incompatibility with the defense of freedom and the wild, and starting to develop an explicit and general rejection of leftism,1 Último Reducto entered into a stage that we could call “anti-domination” (an example of this would be Último Reducto n°1, 2002).
This transition stage could be characterized as: remaining heavily influenced by leftist and humanist ideas and attitudes coming from anarchism, to which Último Reducto still showed a certain affinity and respect; having the idea of the freedom of nonhuman animals keep an excessive presence in his discourse; presenting already in a clear and explicit way an outright and complete rejection of the techno-industrial system; giving practical coherence a strategic importance that it actually lacks; and thinking that reason and will can exert or could come to exert an influence much larger than what they actually can or have on human behavior (both individually and collectively). A typical feature of this stage is the practical omnipresence of the notion of “Domination” in Último Reducto’s discourse,2 which gives name to this stage. Último Reducto’s concept of “Domination” was defined negatively in relation to the fundamental value of the autonomy of the wild: “Domination” was a name for all that that threatened this autonomy. In this stage, Último Reducto already expressed in a clear way his fundamental values: autonomy of wild Nature, rejection of techno-industrial society (and of civilization in general) and rejection of leftism. During this stage, Último Reducto was developing his basic ideas in more detail and leaving aside stances, customs and values alien to the former, coming from ideological contaminations of humanism in general and leftist ones in particular. All that until reaching a stage (of which Izquierdismo: funcin de la pseudocrtica y la pseudorrevolucin en la sociedad tecnoindustrial and Con Amigos Como Éstos. . . —2007 and 2009 respectively—are the first examples), which extends until the present, in which Último Reducto’s discourse already reflects more theoretical maturity, coherence and strength.
The reason for this notice about Último Reducto’s ideological evolution is to serve as a clarification of the possible theoretical contradictions and incompatibilities that the readers of Último Reducto’s work could find when comparing contents from different stages. In such cases, the readers should always remember the following rule: in case of incompatibilities between what is said by Último Reducto in his various works, it is most likely that the stance expressed in the most recent work is the one that Último Reducto currently defends (or at least the one that’s closest to it).
Último Reducto already identifies fully only with his works from the last stage. Nevertheless, given that it’s impossible to prevent independent diffusion of his previous works, it would at least be desirable for the readers to know and take into account all that has been said above.
North of Iberia, beginning of 2015.
- Which is largely thanks, respectively, to the theoretical delusions and exaggerations and/or logical incompetence and irrationality of animal liberationism, as well as the invaluable intellectual clarity of Ted Kaczynski, in addition to the natural uncomfortableness and suspiciousness that Último Reducto has always felt towards a large part of leftist and counter-cultural ideas and attitudes. ↩
- This term is perhaps not so appropriate due to it being conventionally loaded with connotations common to leftist currents that actually nothing have to do with Último Reducto’s stances; this is the primary reason for Último Reducto barely using this term anymore to refer to any threat to the autonomy of the non-artificial. ↩